Learn the Red and White Wine Basics

Oh hello, welcome to wine school. Today we’re, going to be talking about red and white wine basics and how one wine is different from another and how wine happens in general, we can essentially break wine flavor down into six different dimensions.

The first one is acidity: acidity is one of the reasons why we drink wine with food. It’s the tart refreshing aspect of wine. It helps to cut fats and then readies our palate for the next bite. Next, we have sweetness, or lack thereof, wine that isn’t sweet at all will called dry, and dryness can be accentuated by high acidity.

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It can also be accentuated by a lot of tannin, another component of wine flavor and it is usually only perceptible in red wines. It is a woody component that exists in grape skins and stems and seeds, and if you need a reference point, it’s kind of like the skin on a peanut, it’s sort of very astringent and drying, and it helps provide structure for the wine, it’s also a reason red wines can age as well to present natural preservative.

Next, we have fruitiness and fruitiness is simply a measure of how intense the fruit flavors are in a wine. This is usually a function of ripeness and you can imagine a very ripe wine being sort of like a very ripe banana having very rich, intense fruit flavors.

As opposed to a less ripe wine being more like a green banana which is a little bit more tart and less rich, the next component of wine flavor is a kind of abstract one. It’s nonfruit, flavors, and it has to do with anything that exists in the wine that doesn’t taste like fruit, so this would be things like flowers, earth, or mushrooms.

When learning about Red and White Wine Basics, You can even be things that have to do with the technical aspects of the wine, so, for instance vanilla, coconut brown, baking spices, these sorts of things I have to do with aging, the wine and oak – these are all non fruit.

So, as the alcohol evaporates, it brings some of the fruit and non-food aromas that we’ve already been talking about up into the air and allows us to smell the wine. If the wine is has too much alcohol then it will smell hot or it will burn in your nose… if you drink it, it might also burn in the throat – and this is generally a wine that has too much alcohol.

We Would call that out of balance in general, when we’re talking about balance, we mean a wine that any of any one of these six flavor dimensions doesn’t seem to stick out too much, and this is a very important matter When, when assessing the quality of a wine, a wine that’s good quality, we usually call imbalanced.

So tell me: why does one wine taste different than the other? You can’t answer that one, that’s a great question, every basically four different contributing factors for why one wine will taste different from another one.

The first one is the character of the grape or grapes used in the wine. The second one has do with the character the place where those grape varieties are grown. The third has to do with the character of the vintage, so in other words, basically what the weather was like that year… and then the fourth has to do with a winemaker style.

red and white wine basics

We can think about the the first three things is the raw material that the winemaker has to work with. The fourth is the style of the winemaker, and this is basically the whole of some of the technical choices that the winemaker makes long.

All wine starts out as sweet grape juice. We’ll call it “must”… in the must there’s also, usually yeast naturally occurring, or we might add yeast to help things along.

Red wines are usually fermented with the skins in contact with the juice and even though all juice starts out clear, the skins tint the juice, and this is why we end up with red wine. On the other hand, white wines usually aren’t permitted on the skins.

They got Moscato or Muscat. That’s a great you got Pinot Noirs yeah. That’s, a great that’s, gonna change stuff, make it taste different.

Second, you know the vintage things that happen that year, what did the weather do? It matters. Also you got kind of the characteristics of the place. What if it was on like a southern facing slope right southeast, say it gets plenty of Sun. Last but not least, everybody does it a little different.

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